Table 1

Concentration-response functions used in the assessments listed in Additional file 1

Mortality

Morbidity


Aaheim et al. 1999 [153]

PM: Adult and infant [160]

Lung-cancer, acute and chronic respiratory symptoms, pseudo-croup, asthma [160]


Aunan et al. 2004 [75]

PM10 (chronic): modified version of Pope et al. 1995 [160]

Outpatient visits, emergency room visits, hospital admissions, work loss days, acute respiratory symptoms in children and adults, chronic respiratory symptoms in children and adults, asthma attacks [161]


Burtraw et al. 2003 [23]

PM10 and nitrates (acute) [162]

NOx: respiratory symptoms, eye irritation days, phlegm days [163]


Cifuentes et al. 2001 [12,42]

PM10 (acute and chronic):

Respiratory hospital admissions [171,172], emergency department visits [173], chronic adult bronchitis [174], acute bronchitis in children [56], asthma attacks [175], work loss days [176], restricted activity days (RAD) [177-179], respiratory symptom days [180]

Adults [164-169]

Infants [84,170]

O3 (acute) [50]


Dessus and O'Connor 2003 [155]

PM10 (acute): Based on previously conducted literature reviews [181]

Respiratory hospital admissions, emergency room visits, RAD, MRAD, clinic visits for bronchitis for children <15 years, respiratory symptoms for adults and children, chronic bronchitis, chest discomfort, eye irritation, headaches. Based on previously conducted literature reviews [181,182]


Dudek et al. 2003 [156]

Did not apply concentration-response functions. Estimated changes in mortality based on baseline burden.

Respiratory disease and neoplasm. Did not apply concentration-response functions. Estimated changes in morbidity based on baseline burden.


Mazzi and Dowlatabadi 2007 [157]

PM2.5 (chronic) [167,183,184]

Respiratory and cardiovascular (CVD) hospitalizations [185]


McKinley et al. 2005 [49]

PM10 (acute and chronic) [167,183,186] O3 (acute) [187]

Chronic bronchitis [188], MRAD [176,178], emergency room visits and hospital admissions: previously conducted review [189]


Wang and Smith 1999 [15]

PM (acute and chronic) [190-192]

Respiratory hospital admissions [193], emergency room visits [194], RAD >16 years [177], acute bronchitis <16 years [195], asthma attacks per asthmatic [175,196], respiratory symptoms [180], chronic bronchitis >16 years [174]


West et al. 2006 [13]

O3 (acute) [51]


Note: References for health endpoints refer to the concentration-response function applied.

Bell et al. Environmental Health 2008 7:41   doi:10.1186/1476-069X-7-41

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